From a seminar on struggling readers, I headed to my second seminar on Friday - Kathy Kuhl's When Math Doesn't Come Easily. Kathy Kuhl is an author, experienced homeschooler, and a homeschool consultant. She was also a junior high math teacher and computer programmer. Her website is Learn Differently. Because Kathy also had a child who struggled with math for years, I knew I'd be able to relate to her information. Since I have one child that definitely struggles with math, I hoped to find some practical strategies as well as some encouragement at this seminar.
When Math Doesn't Come Easily
How do you teach math effectively to a child with learning challenges? How do you bear tackling math facts again? How do you move beyond the times tables when your child has not mastered them? What are your options for high school math? Veteran homeschooler and math teacher Kathy Kuhl discusses working with children with difficulties in math, and shares strategies you can incorporate into any math curriculum
The handout from the seminar can be found on Kathy's website HERE. You can also email her for a .pdf of her slide presentation. firstname.lastname@example.org.
You need to understand what can cause math problems. Then you can help your child.
Areas to Help:
Attitude, Approach, Aids, and Accommodations.
Sometimes inadequate instruction is the problem; sometimes it's an emotional block (pseudo-dyscalculia).
Dyscalculia (dis-cal-cue-lee-ah) is a word that means problems with math. (Like dyslexia for reading...)
Free download - What is Dyscalculia by Adler
Learning disabilities have several areas that can be affected.
Input - neurological processing
Integration - putting the pieces together
Memory - working memory (short-term)
Output - being able to answer
Other learning disabilities can afffect math performance.
Learning math facts is primarily an auditory skill.
The right parietal lobe of the brain keeps the "math sense".
Symptoms of dyscalculia in a school-age child: reversals, problems with greater than/less than, number sense not developing.
Time for some Solutions!
-work on YOURS first
-praise and encourage the child
-For the child to learn patience, we have to demonstrate patience.
-Perseverance has value.
-Ease anxiety with math games and patterns (check out the Fibonacci sequence, the golden rectangle and golden spiral, 24 hours of peace and quiet e-book, Escher.)
-Apply a multi-sensory modal approach like this:
MAKE IT (concrete)
DRAW IT (representational)
WRITE IT (abstract)
don't skip a step - all are important, even if your child balks.
teach the MEANING of division with a muffin pan
pattern blocks can illustrate fractions
learn how to use array multiplication (I can't find an easy website that explains this, but I'll keep looking.)
-MSL Multi-sensory Structured Language approach
-Use hand motions when appropriate (she demonstrated for long division and multiplication)
-Coding (use colors to indicate patterns, such as always writing certain numbers with certain colors)
-parentheses - squaring a binomial - say, "The role of 'a' is being played by ...." etc. Use parentheses to hold the value of the variable. (This made sense when I wrote it down! LOL)
-Limited working memory can limit you, so write out ALL steps.
-go from what's known to what's unknown. Use really large numbers with same skill. If child can do 10+10, then try 10,000,000 + 10,000,000. They'll feel really skilled!
-Explain the big picture.
-manage the workload (don't need to do every problem)
-repeat a grade level or concept with another curriculum to reinforce
-call it an "assessment" not a test
14 ways to learn the dreaded math facts:
1- choose your best time of day
2- Limit to 5-10 minutes once or twice a day. DO NOT TIME THEM.
3 - Mad Minute drill book (but not timed!)
4 - Calculadder (but not timed!)
5 - Triangular flashcards
6 - Hundred chart with 2 ten-sided (or six-sided) dice to practice operations
7 - Learning Wrap-ups
8 - Learning Palette
9 - Practice on trampoline or jumprope, add with each bounce
10 - Drill games online
11 - Use stories like Dianne Craft's or citycreek.com
12 - skip counting on audio recordings
13 - learn the 9's facts with finger clues
14 - Koosh ball, toss back and forth, once for problem, second time for answer.
HANDOUT on her website explains these ideas better
-Let child use a times table; an ELL shape (like a carpenter's square) will help them find the answer
-Calculators (details on website to help with long division)
-Have child make a math manual; when they understand the concept, they can write it out. When they've later forgotten, they can look it up in their own writing.
-Watch for reversals and train them to watch for them too
-Consumers math (boy scout merit badge book is great)
-Mnemonics (quadratic formula to tune of Pop goes the weasel)
-Do fun things with math
She mentioned that Brock and Fernette Eide's book is coming in paperback in June. I'm not sure, however, which Eide book she meant. Here are two of their titles: The Dyslexic Advantage: Unlocking the Hidden Potential of the Dyslexic Brain and The Mislabeled Child: How Understanding Your Child's Unique Learning Style Can Open the Door to Success.
GREAT Seminar chock-ful of wonderful ideas, solid information, and useful tips!
Wednesday, May 23, 2012
I have a struggling reader. That's been difficult for me to admit since I love reading and it's easy for me. Of course, since I am a certified teacher with graduate work in Reading and Language Arts, I ought to know exactly how to help her, right? I thought so. But she's almost ten and still struggling. So I went to this workshop to see if there were any keys I've been missing to assist her in her path to fluency.
The Struggling Reader! Am I Emphasizing the Right Things?
Does your son or daughter seem to be faltering in their efforts to learn to read? Is it the curriculum? Is it you? Based on current research, Dr. Eckenwiler and his wife have designed this workshop to help parents better understand the most essential elements of the reading process, along with those critical ingredients that must be emphasized to produce a successful, capable reader.
Kristin Eckenwiler, of thestrugglingreader.net, led this 8:30 AM workshop on Friday morning. The room was hard to find and overly warm. She promised each parent that they could learn to be a "mini reading specialist". She reassured parents that their homeschooled children were in the best place - home.
The Eckenwiler's system is a multi-sensory approach and she spent a few moments describing what that means. I didn't take notes on that and apparently her explanation didn't stick with me. She did recommend Visual Vocabulary's materials as a multi-sensory approach to teaching vocabulary.
A phoeneme is the smallest unit of sound in our language. Phonemic awareness (the awareness of phoenemes) is NOT the same as phonics, as it does not include letter recognition. It is just sounds. Many say that phonemic awareness is the #1 predictor of reading success. Their phonemic awareness test evaluates 21 discrete skills without worksheets, using a multi-sensory approach.
Dyslexia is a neurological processing challenge. It happens IN the brain.
Their phonics assessment takes 25-30 minutes.
decoding skills = phonics
Ability to self-monitor (was I paying attention?)
Sight words are often misunderstood. Most common/frequent word is "the". Can't sound it out.
The 10 most common words constitute 24% of printed material.
The 25 most common words constitute 1/3 of printed material.
The 100 most common words constitute 50% of printed material.
300 sight words should be known COLD - memorized by sight, like the snap of a finger, that fast.
FLUENCY (sight words are included here)
1 - Reading speed
Third graders read 100 words per minute. Adults read 250-300 words per minute.
However, reading too fast = mistakes.
2 - Accuracy
3 - Prosody (rhythm)
Fluency affects comprehension.
Comprehension is very complex and includes everything from simple recall to inference.
What can affect comprehension? Physical and emotional state, decoding skills, background knowledge
Independent - fun to read on their own
Instructional - THIS LEVEL IS WHERE YOU SHOULD BE TEACHING
Frustration - too challenging, avoid
DRTA - Directed Reading-Thinking Activity
comprehension is NOT "read the story and answer the questions".
Try a pre-reading activity to increase comprehension.
(Sorry, these notes were not as good as some of my others.)